30.08.2018

Antenna ZGRLS "Duga-1"

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Project “Arc”
     Duga is a Soviet over-the-horizon radar station that was designed to track the launch of missiles from the United States during the Cold War. The antenna consists of two lattice radars - high-frequency, whose height is about 90 meters, and low-frequency, height is about 150 meters, the length of both structures reaches about 750 meters. The construction site of the radar was not chosen by chance - the colossus consumed a large amount of electricity and there is an assumption that the 1st and 2nd power units of the nuclear power plant supplied current directly to the station. It should be noted that the construction of such radars associated with research in 1947 by Nikolai Kabanov was the first to put out the concept of detecting aircraft at distances of up to 3,000 km. Later, the idea was picked up by employees of the Research Institute of Long-Range Radio Communications, where Franz Kuzminsky was the general designer. In 1966, the ZRLS program was developed. Also, in the same year, in the village of Kalinovka (Nikolaevsky district), the construction of a model of ZRLS was begun. In the process of research, the probability of over-the-horizon detection of aircraft at a distance of up to 3,000 km and launching ballistic missiles at a distance of up to 6,000 km was proved. Without waiting for the completion of the tests of the ZRLS model in Nikolaev, it was decided to create two more such radar systems, near the cities of Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Chernobyl. In general, there were three such complexes in the Soviet Union. The first two radar antennas have long ceased to exist. Only Chernobyl survived. ZRLS "Chernobyl-2" was programmed only to receive a signal. The transmission center was located near the city of Lubech in the Chernihiv region. Near the antenna, in the forest, a village was built for military personnel, which was located on the only Kurchatov street.

 

"Russian woodpecker"
     At the beginning of using the complex there were problems. When the radar installation was turned on, characteristic knocks began to sound on the air in almost all countries. The military of NATO called this design "Russian Woodpecker." Europe immediately complained to the Soviet government, during which the Soviet Union received a number of statements from Western countries that reported that such a system created in the USSR had a significant impact on the safety of maritime navigation and aviation, as the antenna interfered with civil aviation and ships of European countries, due to the coincidence of broadcast frequencies. The creators were immediately set the task: to eliminate the shortcomings of the radar station. Until 1985, Duga underwent a number of improvements and improvements, and in 1986 it began to undergo a state audit, which was interrupted by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. From the very beginning of the project, the antenna was designed to detect point launches of ballistic missiles, but this task never happened. During experimental achievements and developments, the radar could fix, but only launches of mass missiles. According to some sources of information, the cost of the construction of this radar is about seven billion Soviet rubles. It is known that the commissioning of four power units of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was twice cheaper than the construction of the Dugi-1.

 

Post-accident period
     After the disaster at the fourth Chernobyl nuclear power unit, Duga-1 ceased to carry out its combat duty. The entire population of the town was removed from the radioactive territory on April 27, 1986. The Chernobyl-2 infrastructure was not immediately closed. Until 1987, the town was mothballed. When it became clear that the operation of air defense systems in an environmental disaster was impossible, the management ordered the complete closure of the city. It was decided to dismantle valuable construction equipment and take it to the city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur - near which the first ZRLS built in 1975 was located. So the amazing object that monitored the space ionosphere of the USSR ceased to function, and the town of Chernobyl-2 was abandoned and abandoned.

 

Excursions and tours to the Chernobyl exclusion zone


     Today, huge radars are still unique, unparalleled in the world, the miracle of engineering that has survived on our earth. It is impossible to convey the feeling, standing next to a 150-meter gigantic structures, which seems like a good perfectionist ideal. Fans of S.T.A.L.K.E.R. Having visited Chernobyl-2, they will definitely recognize this place as one of the key locations of the cult game. To learn more about the secret city, we recommend at least taking advantage of our two-day or private tour. If you are not afraid of heights, you can see "Chernobyl 2" from a bird's eye view. Only being in this area, you will feel the scale in these places that have changed the history of terrestrial civilization. Only here, you can choose a wide range of tours that we organize as part of our activities. You are more than sure that once you visited the Chernobyl zone once, you’ll want to go there again, so don’t put off your dreams, but act now. Only you have a unique opportunity to watch the sunset in Pripyat, tell the city at night, visit the remote corners of both Pripyat and the Exclusion Zone, visit the Chernobyl nuclear power plant from the inside, the Yanov railway station, study the Jupiter Plant, which is rumored to have manufactured military equipment, to hear the exciting stories of our guides - just sign up for any date in the calendar of tours, or call us. We recommend using our services, namely renting a personal dosimeter - a device for measuring background radiation, which will constantly inform you about the level of radiation conditions in the area where you are. In memory of visiting the Chernobyl zone, you can buy souvenirs from us. Only for our guests, we provide a special “tourist kit” which includes: water, wet and dry wipes, company leaflet, respirator. Follow the instructions of the attendant, be careful and careful when walking. Thank you for choosing CHERNONYL ADVENTURE for your trip.

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