27.11.2018

The town of Polisskie

Forgotten town of Chornobyl Exclusion Zone

     Polesskoe (Ukrainian Polisskie) - relocated and later abandoned town in the Kiev region. Located130 kilometers from Kiev and 60 kilometers from Pripyat.

 

     Polesskoe originates from 1415, at the same time the town was called Khabnoye or Habne. According to some sources, this town was founded by Kiev Jews, who were forced to flee from the attacks of nomads. Hence the name Habnoe: hide - habyty, hovatysia.

 

     At one time, the village of Habne entered the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, then the Commonwealth, and in the XVIII century passed to the Russian Empire.

 

     It is known that in the XIX century, residents were engaged in weaving and textile industry.

     In the town there were two synagogues, a Catholic church and an Orthodox church.

 

     In 1890, about 80% of the population were Jews, but when all its suburbs were added to the Hubny, the percentage decreased as Ukrainians, Poles, and Lithuanians were added.

 

     When the Bolsheviks came to power in 1920, the town was renamed in honor of one of the outstanding figures of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) - Lazar Moiseevich Kaganovich, who was from the village of Kabany. In 1934, Habne was soon renamed "Kaganovichi First", and the village of Kabany - in "Kaganovichi The Second". In 1938, the town received the status of an urban-type settlement.

 

     In the late 1950s, when other people were already in power, “at the request of the working people” the village was renamed again, and in 1957 “Polesskoe” appeared from the name “Kaganovichi First”, and the village “Kaganovichi Second” that was the former Kabany, they renamed in "Dibrova".

 

     Polesskoe had the status of an urban-type settlement, with the population of about 12,000 thousand until 1986. It is known that in the town there was a flax processing plant, a bakery, a furniture and clothing factory, a consumer services combine, there were three schools, a technical college and a cultural center, a gas station, a restaurant, a post office, a cinema, 27 shops, a department store, 6 cafes, a pharmacy, a hospital . There was issued even own newspaper “Radyanska Polissya”.

 

     After the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in April 1986, Polesskoe became the place where most of the residents of Pripyat were evacuated. The Pripyat authorities also moved here, the Pripyat police department was located at the school, and some of the people from Pripyat even managed to get apartments here. But the radiation troubles reached here soon as well. The village fell under the radiation of "Western trace."

 

     Since 1993, measures have been taken to resettle Polessky, since the radiation background exceeded the established sanitary standard by 4-6 times. Most of the inhabitants were resettled in the village of Radinka and the village Krasyatychi, which are located 25 kilometers from Polessky, the rest moved to Berezan and Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky, of Kiev region.

 

     There was no panic evacuation in the village. People left gradually, taking property, furniture.

     In 1996, the village. Polesskoe was deprived of the status of the district center, and in 1999 was officially removed from the register as a settlement.

     By 1997, there were only two dozen “self-settlers” who decided to live old age in their native land.

     In 2018, a fire station operates in Polessky, and there live a dozen of  “self-settlers”.

 

 

Excursions to the Chernobyl Zone, the city of Chernobyl, Chernobyl NPP, Pripyat.

     The town Polesskoe is officially included in one of the routes to visit the Exclusion Zone. Therefore,CHERNOBYL ADVENTURE team invites you to visit this neighborhood. You will personally be able to visit the largest open-air museum. See the monuments that changed the history of the USSR. Our professional guides will not only show you interesting and memorable objects and locations in the restricted area, but also tell you a story that was divided into stages before and after. It should be noted that the village of Polesskoe in the same condition as Pripyat, although it was abandoned among the latter. The marauders did a good job here, digging out even the communication pipes. But it still did not prevent us, the team of professionals, from forgetting the way there. However, come and see with your own eyes. See you on the tour.