19.11.2018

Polissia Nature Reserve

Polissia State Radio-ecological Nature Reserve.

After the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, on the night of April 26, 1986, a huge amount of radioactive substances got into the environment. These substances first entered the atmosphere, and later precipitad onto the territories. The pollution of the territory depended on the direction of the wind. In addition to the western and southern radiation trails that struck the territory of Ukraine, radionuclides fell on the territory of Belarus.

The biggest blow was taken by the Gomel region - almost 70% of all radioactive fallout fell on it.

The Belarusian side is also almost no different from the Ukrainian. Hundreds of thousands of hectares of contaminated soil, hundreds of evacuated villages that were left unattended, and marauders. There was chaos and confusion, all that was left unattended, abandoned, was plundered. Building materials, clothing, metal, furniture, streamed over local markets, commissions, or simply to the someone's countryhouses. People sold berries, mushrooms, fish, assuring buyers that there was no radiation.

On July 24, 1988, on the territory of three districts in the Gomel region, which suffered the most from the Chernobyl accident - Braginsky, Narovlyansky and Khoiniki, the Polesye Ecological Reserve was established. This contributed to the creation of some rules that governed the territory of Belarus. But this was not enough and seven years later, after the creation of the reserve, on August 5, 1995, the Ministry of Emergencies of Belarus approved the Regulations on the Polesye State Radiation and Ecological Reserve, where the boundaries of the Exclusion Zone and the restriction of people and transport were established. The territory of the Belarusian Exclusion Zone was constantly expanding, new infected sites were repeatedly investigated, and currently covers about 2162 square kilometers.

By the administration of the reserve were created forestries, which are engaged in the protection of forests from fires and poachers. In the reserve there are about 700 people who not only protect forests and the perimeter, but also conduct regular monitoring of the terrain on the radiation background and the content of radionuclides in the soil.

During more than thirty years of absence of people, the nature of this region has found almost original appearance. This territory is inhabited by bears, lynxes, bison, dozens of birds and plants that are listed in the Red Book.

Excursions to the Chernobyl Zone, the city of Chernobyl, Chernobyl NPP, Pripyat.

Getting into the PSRNR is officially even more difficult than to the Ukrainian Exclusion Zone. There are no hotels or hostels where you can stay overnight, and there are no excursions by bus. The Government of Belarus has made the reserve a border area where there are 12 checkpoints. In addition to the protection of the administration and border services, the territory is also patrolled by the local police department.

So it happened historically that the most interesting objects are located on the Ukrainian side. The company CHERNOBYL ADVENTURE carries out regular trips to Chernobyl, Pripyat, ChNPP, the formerly secret military town of Chernobyl-2. For more advanced travelers, we suggest taking advantage of multi-day tours in which you can study the restricted area in more detail. For example: visit the area around NSC (New Safe Confinement), visit the main control room of the second reactor, see the liquidators' equipment that took part in eliminating the accident, study the third generation of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, including the unfinished fifth power unit, visit the “self-settlers” and much more . On our site CHERNOBYLADVENTURE.COM you can book a tour to the Chernobyl Zone any day of the week. See you on the tour!