03.08.2020

Troyeshina

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The history of one of the districts in Kiev that became home to evacuees from Pripyat


Many people often have a question about where the inhabitants of the city satellite were resettled after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.  Many also know that after the accident on the territory of the Chernihiv region, a completely new city was built called Slavutych, built from scratch.  But the fact is that only 25 thousand people live in Slavutich.  Where were the remaining 25 thousand settled?


In the early 80s of the last century, the construction of new districts in the city of Kiev began at a very rapid pace, in which many evacuated residents of the Chernobyl zone received apartments later.  One of these areas was the Kiev Troeshchyna.


The history its creation takes just from the beginning of the 1980s.  While such new residential areas as Bereznyaki, Lesnoy, Rusanovka and Voskresenka have already been built on the left bank of Kiev, there were villages on the site of modern Troyeshchyna.  Villages whose inhabitants still lived according to the traditions of a typical village.  They grazed the cattle in the fields, kept their gardens and took water from wells.
In the late 1970s, in order to finally solve the housing problem, more than 200 series of typical houses were developed in the USSR.  Sanitary standards did not lag behind, which increased the requirements for the "living conditions of workers":

 

  • For each inhabitant of the apartment there should have been 16 square meters of total area;
  • The requirements for the minimum area of kitchens were increased - it was forbidden to design joint restrooms and "walk-through" living rooms. At the same time, it was already becoming unprofitable to build five and nine-story buildings in cities.

 

In the early 1980s, there was no longer enough urban land for housing.  It was believed that the construction of nine-story buildings only stretches the transport network and increases the monetary costs of further construction.  Therefore, the decision was on the surface: to increase the number of storeys in new buildings and accommodate more residents.
Therefore, the new residential area planned on the site of the former Vygurovsky fields and vegetable gardens was no exception.  The height of the houses here started from 12 storeys.  And since huge queues were formed to receive apartments, they were brought together very intensively - the first Troeshchinsky microdistrict No. 5 was inhabited already in 1983.  For several more years, the entire southern part of the current massif was built up.


Most architects for many years have been forced to improve one or another previously developed standard project.  Or its location in a certain area.  Therefore, the Kiev architects had to get out.  They “played” with the height of buildings, designing residential sections with a different number of floors, “twisted” them at different angles, made high-rise accents for different streets (this is how 22-storey buildings appeared in Troeshchina - one of the highest standard projects in Kiev that time, for which they installed three elevators at once).


In addition, they came in handy with "supergraphics" - an artistic technique that was proposed by the American architect Charles Moore in the late 1970s.  It was about decorative images on the facade, which, unlike murals, focused on individual elements of the building, while creating a holistic composition.


Therefore, at first, the architects planned to lay out the facades of new buildings with multi-colored tiles (the main colors are red, blue, white, brown and orange).  But, as the authors of the book "Unknown Left Bank 1960s - 1980s" note, even such a rather modest initiative did not pass all the higher authorities.


Instead of a multi-colored facing tile that could last for many years, super-graphics were implemented by a banal painting of the panels.  In addition, paint was used that does not repel water and is quickly lost.  Soon, brightly colored "panels" gave rise to popular names for the Troeshchinsky neighborhoods in which these houses appeared.  This is how unofficial toponyms appeared: "Dovecote", "Coffee House" and "Chicken coop".
The first residents of the new apartments were the former residents of the demolished villages in the place of which an array was erected.  But already in 1986, after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the situation changed extremely dramatically.  Approximately 18 thousand people affected by the evacuation received new housing here.  Many residents of the capital, who had been queuing for years to receive an order for new housing, then did not like this situation.


In no other district of Kiev, you will not hear the phrase "certificate" as often as in Troyeshchina.  Local conductors are so used to it that they no longer even check the certificates of Chernobyl victims.
December 14, 2013 - on the Day of honoring the participants in the liquidation of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant - in the square between the streets of Honoré de Balzac, Theodore Dreiser and Architect Nikolaev, a memorial complex - Rotunda "Pantheon of Memory" was opened.


The Rotunda "Pantheon of Memory" is the only memorial in Ukraine that embodies the unification of all former republics of the Soviet Union in the elimination of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident.  It is this idea that lies in the architectural and artistic content of the Rotunda.  Along the perimeter of the circle there are 15 columns symbolizing the states - the former republics of the Soviet Union, which took part in the liquidation of the consequences of Chernobyl accident.
 

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