Chernobyl Biosphere Reserve
The Exclusion Zone. So this place was called by the liquidators after the accident in 1986. However, this place is considered to be a biosphere reserve today. That is a specially protected area where studying and monitoring of natural ecological systems and the gene pool of this region. The Chernobyl Biosphere Reserve was created to preserve the natural environment of the Polessye region. It was founded back in 2007. Then, by presidential decree, the Chernobyl Special Reserve of national importance was created. Some time later, in 2013, the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources approved a petition for the establishment of the Chernobyl Biosphere Reserve. After three long years of painstaking preparation, approval, preparation of all necessary documents, a decree of the President of Ukraine “On the creation of the Chernobyl radiation-ecological biosphere reserve” was signed.
Why to create a reserve on the lands that underwent heavy radioactive contamination? The thing is that after people were forced to leave their native Polesie territories, the life returns to the Chernobyl exclusion zone at a rapid pace. Already 10 years after the Chernobyl accident, it became clear that nature is stronger for any anthropogenic factor. Due to the lack of people in these places, life returned here. A huge number of not only animals, but also plants found here comfortable living conditions. It is fair to say that the nature of the Polesie region returned to its original form, the one it had hundreds of years ago.
The Chernobyl reserve is considered to be the largest in Ukraine. Its area is the area of the entire exclusion zone, that is 2600 km². On record, about 300 species of animals live here, 19 of which are listed in the Red Book of Ukraine. Also about 1200 representatives of the flora were found here, while 60 species are rare specimens and are subjected to protection. Moving along tourist routes, visitors to the exclusion zone can often meet Przewalski’s horses, lynx or black stork. The most interesting thing is that representatives of the fauna, although they behave cautiously at the sight of people, are absolutely not afraid of them since hunting, fishing and poaching are prohibited in the reserve!
The nature of the Chernobyl Biosphere Reserve has proven that even after a strong radioactive disaster, it can be reborn and become better!
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