23.09.2019

SAM "Volkhov"

SAM (medium-range anti-aircraft missile system) S-75 "Volkhov"

     The S-75 Volkhov air defense system is an anti-aircraft missile system, a military unit that provided air defense for an over-the-horizon radar station in the military unit of Chernobyl-2 and directly to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant itself.

 

     This complex is capable of hitting targets at a speed of up to 2300 km / h.

     The system was adopted in 1962.

 

     The main developer is the research and production association Almaz (a Russian company engaged in the development of anti-aircraft missile systems and air defense systems).

 

     One of the most famous air defense systems in the world, licensed in China, is still in service in more than 20 countries. SAM had a relatively wide practice of combat use, were used during the Vietnam War.

 

     It is with these types of missiles that were on Volkhov in the 1960s that an American plane, the U-2 spy, was shot down.

 

     The military unit is located in a 10-kilometer exclusion zone, not far from the main existing road Lelev - Kopachi.

 

     The territory itself is small. There is a barracks, a dining room, garages, a bunker, a parade ground and several sites for placing missiles.

 

     After the Chernobyl accident, the complex was abandoned. All equipment and machinery was taken out.

 

     According to the unofficial version: after the disaster at the nuclear power plant, in order to save the missiles, Moscow gave instructions to take the missile systems to the military unit near Borispol. Thirty tractors loaded with thirty anti-aircraft missiles were transported along Kiev streets at night, despite the fact that these missiles were contaminated with radiation.

 

     This object served as a prototype of one of the locations in the computer game S.T.A.L.K.E.R. "Call of Pripyat".

 

     In pine forests growing around the territory of Volkhov, one can find piles of various metals and the remains of equipment (tractor, ZIL).